The following is an example of a mediaobject set up for both HTML and FO outputs. The DocBook stylesheets can automatically select the right graphic if the. In DocBook V, three types of external objects are defined: VideoObjects, AudioObjects, and ImageObjects. Additional textual descriptions may be provided. version, [], xsd:anySimpleType, Specifies the DocBook version of the element and its descendants, from group utes ยท xml:lang, [].

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Other stylesheet customizations such as Website or your own will use the value for the stock stylesheet it is based upon. If the fileref does not have an extension, it checks the graphic. Because mediaobhect can also contain an objectinfo element. You could use profiling to select from among several graphic elements, but mediaobject is designed to do it without the need for the profiling step. The preferred element for graphics is mediaobject.

If two objects are acceptable, only the first can ever be selected with this method. Meiaobject that is not desirable, then add the changes to the figure. The same is true for informal. The following attribute sets provide the spacing in the stylesheet, which you can adjust in your customization layer:. Although informalfigure does not take a title, they both provide additional attributes for handling your graphics:.

These attributes let you indicate that the figure can float to the top, left, or right.

It looks at the first imageobject inside the mediaobject. The original graphic element is simple, but not flexible enough to handle multiple output formats. mediaobjecg


If its imagedata element contains a complete SVG graphic and the parameter use. You might be wondering why the imagedata element needs an imageobject container? Then you pass the selected role value in a command line parameter named preferred.

DocBook has two main graphic elements. Graphics are a frequent cause of problems in DocBook documents. Remember that the role attribute goes on the medlaobject element, not the imagedata. Docboo element can be used to track information about the image, such as the software that created cocbook, the current revision, the author, etc. The start-indent property is controlled by the attribute-set named pgwide. You can also wrap your mediaobject element inside a figure or informalfigure element.


The mediaobject element contains two graphical elements. The DocBook stylesheets can automatically select the right graphic if the imageobject elements have a role attribute of either html or fo.

DocBook mediaobject – Complete documentation and samples

If you use example or informalexamplethen you can use the example. If it does not have a format attribute, it extracts the filename extension from the fileref attribute. The most frequent problems are matching graphics file formats to document output format, and sizing graphics. With figureyou can supply a title, and your figures will be numbered and listed in the optional front-of-the-book List of Figures.

Each of these main graphic elements is supplemented with a version to be used inline, named inlinegraphic and inlinemediaobjectrespectively. If its imagedata element does not contain an SVG graphic, but has a format attribute, it checks to see if its value is on the format list for that output. If your print content is styled so that headings are at the left margin and body text is indented, then setting this attribute to 1 lets you indicate that the figure is wide and should be positioned starting at the left margin.

The stylesheet can then choose the appropriate object for a given output. For cross referencing purposes, put the id attribute on the mediaobject container, unless you are putting that inside another container such as figure. Each imagedata element indicates its file name and format.

If you are using XEP, then set the parameter preferred. If that value is on the list of extensions for that output, then it accepts that object and does not consider any others.

If mediaobjecr are processing with the FOP processor, then set the parameter preferred. It can contain several imageobject elements with different specifications. The stylesheets contain several lists of file formats that are acceptable for each output type.

You can turn that behavior off if you set the parameter to zero. When you process this example with the html stylesheet, you get the PNG graphic, and when you process it with the Doocbook stylesheet, you get the PDF graphic. You could also put sizing attributes there.


The automatic selection behavior is controlled by the use. You might set the role values for two different rocbook graphics to fo-fop and fo-xep.

Chapter Graphics

If it is nonzero, then the role attribute is considered during the selection process. For example, if you have a choice of XSL-FO processors, then you could designate a graphic format optimized for each one. But the first thing you must do is decide which elements will hold your graphics. Usually, the various images in a mediaobject are different formats of the same illustration, with the idea that only one of them at a time will be used by the stylesheet.

You can also use figure and informalfigure to add space above and below your graphic in print output. A mediaobject element is a container for one or more imageobject elements, each of which has an imagedata element.

If so, then it accepts that object and does not consider any others. If you do not use the role attribute to select from among several imageobject elements, then the stylesheets will try to make a choice based on file format.

Element mediaobject

If all of these tests fail on the first imageobjectit repeats them on subsequent objects until it finds an acceptable one. Docbook you want finer control, then you have the option to use any role values you want. If you need to use more than one graphics file format, then you must use the mediaobject element instead of the graphic element.

This selection method is often sufficient, but is somewhat less precise than selecting by role.