Methods. Eleutherine palmifolia bulb was extracted with ethanol. The extract was evaluated for their phytochemical constituent’s and their antimicrobial activity. Methods Eleutherine palmifolia bulb was extracted with ethanol. The extract was evaluated for their phytochemical constituent’s and their antimicrobial activity. Abstract. Dayak onions (Eleutherine Palmifolia (L.) Merr.) bulb stem contains phtyochemical contents, which act as antidiabetic compounds.

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Dayak Onion Eleutherine palmifolia L. Merr is a special crop Central Kalimantan. This plant has for generations used the Dayak community as a medicinal plant.

This plant has rooted red color with ribbon-shaped green leaves and white flowers. Dayak onions originated in the United Tropik but in Indonesia have long cultivated.

Re eleuhterine as ornamental plants, then transformed into wild plants.

Abound in the mountains between up to m above sea level, for example on-farm plantations of tea, quinine and rubber, as well as on the streets.

This plant prefers open places with humus-rich soil and moist enough. To plant commonly used source. Dayak onion in Java seldom bear fruit and kept as ornamental plants. This plant is easily cultivated, palmifolka is not in season and within 2 to 3 months after planting already harvested.

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Grandfathers onions are commonly known in Indonesia by the name of eleuthfrine ship onions and wild onion in the Bulletin Malesiana Flora. This plant has many varieties with diverse shapes and types such as onion, garlic and a variety of other types of onions. Specific features of this plant are ekeutherine red root crops with a very smooth surface.


Place the leaves in pairs with double fins leaf composition. Type line bone leaf margin in line with the smooth and shaped ribbon-shaped leaves form a line.

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Besides being used as a medicinal plant crops can also be used as an ornamental plant because of beautiful flowers with alluring white color. These plants form a merumpun chronic terna very strong, eventually the large clumps.

High only reached 26 to 50 cm. The stem grows upright or bow, cone-shaped bulbous and red color. The leaves are of two kinds, namely the perfect tape-shaped with eleutberine end of it, while others shaped leaves resemble sticks. The flowers pwlmifolia a single flower, white in color, found in the armpit-armpit leaves, the flower clumps ranging from 4 to 10 flowers. The flowers bloom by late afternoon, at 5 to 7 hours of afternoon and then close back.

Fruit ellipsoid with its box-shaped recessed the end of it. When ripe split into 3 cavities filled with numerous seeds. Form the seed round or nearly square eggs. Tubers resemble shallots but it does not smell.

Dayak onion crops have phytochemicals among other alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, phenolics, steroids and tannins that are a source of nutrients biofarmaka potential to be developed as a modern medicinal plants for human life. Alkaloids are organic compounds that contain nitrogen as part of a heterocyclic.

Even compounds alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides and saponins have hypoglycemic activity or lowering blood glucose levels are very beneficial for the treatment of diabetes mellitus, but no alkaloids can function as anti-microbial. While there is tannin content can be used as a stomach ache remedy. Dayak are empirically onion local community as a drug used various kinds of diseases such as breast cancer, high blood pressure-lowering medication hypertensiondiabetes diabetes mellitus pslmifolia, lowering cholesterol, medication ulcers, colon cancer and stroke prevention.


Dayak can use onions used in fresh form, simplicia, eleutherinee and in powder form powder. Dayak onion potential as a medicinal plant very large multi-function needs to be increased its use as an ingredient of modern medicine.

Broth or noticed its source is known to have all sorts of nutrients. Grass-roots below ground elongated oval-shaped and red is used as diureticum laxative bladderpurgans laxative and missiles vomiting. Tubers roasted or boiled water that is used as remedy for jaundice and sexually transmitted diseases. Pounded the grass with fennel pulasari, used as a remedy for diarrhea blood, boiling water as a potion inside. The leaves are crushed with other ingredients spiked drunk to women palmifoliz.

Grass single to cure dysentery. Soup made by boiling red grass with chicken can be used to increase red blood cells. As a cancer drug by dry grass and chewing. Treat low back pain, urine and overcome launch bronchitis and cough. If mixed with sadaguri and kencur, this Dayak onion nutrition can treat intestinal inflammation, heartburn, constipation, hepatitis and liver.

Dayak onion is even if mixed with an identity netherlands and nutritious sleigh to lose weight or losing weight obesity and lower in fat. For women, these onions can also be beneficial as a sari rapet if mixed with chili Java. Also beneficial to overcome interference childbirth, clean uterus, vagina tighten, tighten your stomach and reduce the fat and so on.