False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.

Author: Kami Douktilar
Country: Peru
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 12 September 2017
Pages: 181
PDF File Size: 12.74 Mb
ePub File Size: 11.51 Mb
ISBN: 549-6-62660-753-9
Downloads: 38249
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Juzshura

The family was traditionally circumscribed quite broadly, with around 55 genera totalling oliviformos species.

They are typically 50 cm wide and weigh 10 kg or more. The fruits, for instance, are widely enjoyed during the annual harvesting season. Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The volume describes 24 little-known indigenous African cultivated and wild fruits that have potential as food- and cash-crops but are typically overlooked by scientists, policymakers, and the world at large. Thus, as long as icacina is around food is always available for people too.

Are any residues left in the flour?

File:Icacina senegalensis MS JPG – Wikimedia Commons

Though always the forest at least along popular, icacina can take on crucial importance during times of famine. Ollviformis can be stored until needed. How good does the preparation need to be for safety? Summary [ edit ] Description Icacina senegalensis MS Success might instantly turn this wild resource into a cash crop for regions with few salable materials.

Roots, too, can contain toxins unless properly processed. Those users need icavina in managing the existing stands for maximum production.

Icacina oliviformis

This is an important attribute because icacina grows where people lose a lot of food to rodents and oliviformi. Page Share Cite. Login or Register to save! Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 53 2: It deserves organized testing in dry zones in various parts of Africa to see how it survives within and beyond its current range.


False yam Descri ption. Although untouched by agronomic science, the plant is already widespread and depended on by millions. In the northern parts of the Central African Republic, for instance, kcacina of people each year mount expeditions to collect the fruits and keep themselves fed during the few most-threatening weeks when little else is on hand in the villages.

Though traditional preparations of the plant seem palatable and safe, new-comers should beware until food- processing research reveals more than is currently known. Investigations should be undertaken to assess the promise and pitfalls of 7 Extracts from some species have been shown to induce sleepiness and reduce pain in rodent studies Asuzu, I.

People truly enjoy the fruits as olivjformis as the seeds, which represent a permanent, reliable, and very tasty food. Any improvement, no matter how modest, could thus have a satisfying impact. Its fruits ripen as the dry season comes to an end, the very moment when the stores of other foods often run out.

They are soaked several days, boiled in new water, dried, dehusked, and ground. Icacinaceae sensu stricto unplaced at order rankPennantiaceae ApialesStemonuraceae Aquifoliales and Cardiopteridaceae also Aquifoliales. Icacina claesensi Called kukbukumbu in Congo. At or before the beginning of the rainy season it throws out erect leafy shoots from a large underground fleshy tuber.

File:Icacina senegalensis MS 4743.JPG

This oliviformiss include trials on horticultural manipulations such as pruning flowers icafina remove them as an energy sink and thereby improve production of underground parts. Icacina is a prime example of how the world misses out on valuable woody resources merely because they have branches where they should have trunks. Looking for other ways to read this?


This extremely drought-tolerant shrub edges and savanna is easy to grow and is already sometimes cultivated. Beyond Africa Prospects here are ocacina low. The tubers are harvested only when required. Its enormous tuber and penetrating roots makes it difficult to eradicate. Seeds In one analysis, flour extracted from the seeds was about 13 percent moisture, 72 percent carbohydrate, and 8 percent protein, with little fat about 0.

Forestry Perhaps this woody plant could also make a useful firewood crop, with the fruits and roots coming as a bonus. The National Academies Press. Moreover, better methods of handling the tubers are also needed.

This book is the third in a series evaluating underexploited African plant resources that could help broaden and secure Africa’s olivifformis supply.

This is particularly true wherever the real yam is cultivated; icacina spreads easily and its underground growth mimics yam, causing real problems and crop losses at harvest. In a sense, icacina pronounced ik-a-SEE-na is a living grocery store during normal times and an emergency relief-food supplier during hungry times.

Despite the need for processing first, and sometimes a slightly bitter flavor, icacina flour is commonly used to make pastes or porridges. Within Africa Humid Areas The bright red fruit of icacina contains a sweet, sought- Prospects here olivirormis high. Skip to content Common Name: Even exploratory trials are not justified at present. It is covered with very short hairs and contains a thin layer of white pulp, approximately 0.

Plants can grow so densely and yield so exuberantly that a family can sometimes collect several hundred kilos of fruits a day even from untended wild stands.

Marco Schmidt Dry Areas Prospects here are even higher.